Robotic Prostatectomy – An Advanced Surgical Treatment

The history of civilization can be called the growth of science. Humankind has constantly made an effort to understand the science behind the creation and the answers to its various mysteries. The anatomy of a Human body is no less than a beautiful miracle, as science progresses with its study of the human body, it also as a consequence leads to many innovations and discoveries that not just help us understand ourselves better, but even treat it accordingly.

Robotic prostatectomy is one such innovative wonder that revolutionizes the way prostate surgery is conducted. But before we understand what is a robotic prostatectomy and how is it different from the previous surgical method, let us quickly understand what prostate gland is and why is it important.
Prostate gland

The prostate is biologically an exocrine gland, which means that they secrete fluid to the external part of the body viaducts (pores), similar to the sweat gland. Located in the pelvic region of males, it is an integral part of the male reproductive system.

In male adults, the prostate is about the same size as a walnut and through it passes the urethra, a channel for flushing out excess urine from the body. However, the most important function of the prostate is the secretion of a seminal fluid which contributes to 30% of male semen, this fluid is alkaline which nourishes and protects the male sperm as it makes its way through the acidic female reproductive system during intercourse. (Alkaline neutralizes the acid)

Prostate like any other human organ is unfortunately subject to diseases and disorders, the most common ones are enlargement of the prostate, a disorder very common in males over the age of 50 years, other conditions such as inflammation and infection are also commonly observed disorders, prostate cancer or benign tumors are the most serious health conditions and prostate cancer accounts for around 40% of cancer cases in males.
Treatment

When the patient is diagnosed with prostate cancer or the presence of any benign tumor is detected, it is advisable depending upon the medical examination to remove it through surgery. The prostate is also removed when there is an excessive prostate enlargement in aged males that leads to problems related to urination.
The conventional system of surgery is to create a deep incise or cut to the patient’s abdominal area and remove the prostate. However, due to the side effects such as the prolonged period of hospitalization and healing due to the deep incision, the overall procedure is also complex and painful to the patient.

Know About Robotic prostatectomy

Prostatectomia robotica or Robotic radical prostatectomy is a new type of surgical process that involves a minimal amount of invasion into the patient’s body and thereby requiring a smaller amount of incisions.

How does it work?

In this surgery, the doctor uses robotic equipment to remove the prostate glands. With the help of the robot-assisted laparoscopy, the surgeon can access the inner parts of the patient by passing a small device that effectively negates the need for deep or large incisions and as a result, the patient can expect shorter recovery period, fewer complications and early discharge.
This procedure helps with a three-dimensional vision system and can magnify the area of interest up to 15 times, which improves the ability of the surgeon to comfortably operate on tiny blood vessels with precision.

What exactly happens during robotic prostatectomy?

The patient is administered with general anesthesia which ensures that the patient experiences a general numbness or insensitivity to pain. Antibiotic injections are given to prevent infection.
During the operation, the surgeon makes 4-5 small incisions in the lower abdomen of the patient, and through which the robotically controlled camera will be passed that will display the organ on a monitor for a clear view of the surgeon. The surgeon operates the robot with a console and maneuvers it around the area for better visuals. Once the affected area or the entire gland is circled, it will be removed through one of the incisions. As the last step, the operated area is sewn inside to minimize the risks of complications.

Robotic Prostatectomy – Advantages

Robotic Prostatectomy surgery can bring a lot of advantages to the patient that is going through it after the treatment. This treatment is appreciated by the surgeon as well as the patient.  The advanced Surgical System offers all the surgeons a method that can be used as an alternative to the conventional open prostatectomy or traditional laparoscopic prostatectomy. This treatment allows the surgeon so that they can perform big surgery by using six little incisions that can dramatically enhance the visualization that the treatment provides. This enhanced visualization can allow the surgeon’s ability to spare greater nerves when you compare the traditional prostatectomy. Nerve-sparing can even lead to the return of some of the sexual functions as well as urinary continence.

Some of the benefits to the patients can include the following-
⦁ Reduced stay in the hospital
⦁ Lesser pain
⦁ Instant return to all the regular and normal activities
⦁ Reduced blood loss
⦁ Extremely low risk when it comes to urinary incontinence

Conventional prostate surgery procedure has proven to come out as a plain winner. With the help of robotic surgery, patients will experience a short stay in the hospital stay. Patients also have a better chance of recovering more quickly. This surgery typically uses small instruments that can allow more delicate, precise movements at the time of the procedures.

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