What is Phobia? Types, Symptoms and Treatment

What is Phobia? One comes across many anxiety conditions during their daily lives. Some are common but some are less known or we can say less common. We all have learned many of the fear types during our growing age. So in general, a phobia is something we have learned from somewhere or someone. The conditions of Phobia arise when the preoccupation with worry has become so acute that disable you from normal routine engagement.

Phobia

Some of the fears don’t have a daily impact on our lives but they have long term effects on our health or mental well being. Some of the common fears that turn into dread driven nightmares are normal things that many people get nervous over but don’t avoid entirely. This is termed as Phobia. You may not be frightened of them, but you are probably none too keen on them and so to make your mind their fear makes sense. Phobias are high anxiety responses to an object, situation or thought.

Types of Phobia

Phobia is categorized into 2 types: specific & non-specific. There are many different types of phobias today which can be both an excessive & irrational fear. The most common types of phobias are as follows.

  • Claustrophobia: Fear of being inhibited or imprisoned
  • Aerophobia: Fear of flying
  • Arachnophobia: Fear of spiders
  • Driving Phobia: Fear of driving
  • Zoophobia:  Fear of animals
  • Aquaphobia: Fear of water
  • Acrophobia: Fear of heights
  • Escalaphobia: Fear of escalators
  • Tunnel Phobia: Fear of tunnels

These are only a few types and are far from specific phobias. A person can develop a phobia of any small to big thing and the potential can change later on with time.

Symptoms of Phobia

The symptoms of Phobia can be developed by any feared situation, even by thinking! The intense feeling for the situation that is out of proportion in real. The symptoms of phobia are described as follows:

  • Increased heart rate
  • Revulsion
  • Vertigo
  • Excess sweating
  • Shuddering
  • Chest Pain
  • Discomfort
  • Headache
  • High Anxiety levels
  • Panic Attack
  • Abdominal Hardship
  • Heavy or short breathing
  • Suffocative feeling
  • Raspy sensitivity

There are also some psychological symptoms of Phobia including faint fear, fear of dying, losing control, Out of touch feeling, etc. Sometimes, the symptoms get worse and alter into an anxiety attack. These symptoms affect a person terribly that results in isolation, avoiding the situation and consequently ruining their daily life.

Causes

The causes of Phobia should not be taken lightly and one should pay equal importance to that at the initial stage.  There are different causes of a social phobia which vary with the type of phobia. It is crucial to understand different the causes of phobia thoroughly.

  1. Traumas: If a person has experienced any particular incident or conflict earlier, they may be a victim of Phobia.
  2. Genetic: The factors in the family environment can be inherited to the next generation. It might be possible that you develop the same phobia from any family member.
  3. Responses: If you are perpetual of giving strong a reaction to a particular situation, it can cause you to develop more intense anxiety about being in that situation again.
  4. Long duration stress: Your long-time stress can cause feelings of anxiety or depression and reduce your ability to deal with these situations. Consequently, you will start feeling agitated or uptight about being in that situation and it leads to developing a phobia.

Phobia Treatments

Treatment of common Phobias is very important if this is something you are dealing with on daily basis. There are many different treatment options available, so you don’t need to close yourself off to anything. You need to take action to get rid of the fear.

  • You have to face the phobia straight on. As phobia is based on irrational fears, meeting the fear can help in building up your inner strength to overcome that.

  • There are various support groups available for all type phobias. Try to find out the specific providers and contact them as this might be helpful. You can get tips and information from similar sufferers. This would be beneficial!

  • Go for professional help! Consult to a psychiatrist having a specialization in phobia treatment. A psychiatrist will help to root the cause and work for the solutions so that you can overcome your fears.

  • You can also speak to a mental health professional if it is not possible for you to avoid the causes of phobias.

  • Also, there are many therapy options for treating a phobia. Behavioral therapy is among those which are mostly suggested by doctors, psychiatrist or psychologists as it helps to a great extent in recovering from Phobias.

  • Many of the effective medications are also available for the treatment of phobias. Beta-blockers, antidepressants and tranquilizers can be taken for phobia treatment.

  • There are also several online programs that can help you to overcome your phobia and they can normally be done with comfort at your home. Those who have less time or are uncomfortable in group type suggestions can perfectly cope with this.

There are solutions to every problem, so as this one, you just have to find them. A good starting point in conquering your fear is to rationalize the foreboding. There are even things you can do on your own as a part of self-treatment to speed up your healing. This is a great thing because coming at your own phobia from all angles will help to ensure that it is banished forever. Nobody wants to live their life in fear! Due to this, the treatment of phobia is absolutely essential to help you take your life back- starting from today!

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